It is impossible to know what musical instruments they played artists of the time along with launeddas (the typical instrument consists of three bamboo reeds, whose origin is traced back to the VIII century BC, on the basis of a bronze statuette depicting a player found in the countryside of Ittiri), but presumably it was the oldest of all and that is the voice, which most likely nuragici practiced for a long time, since they are able to develop an incredible choir, the tenor (on concordu, of content on contrattu or s’aggorropamentu currently typical of the barbaric), demonstrating good knowledge of the principles of harmony in the polyphony. In 2005, UNESCO classified them as the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
Much could and should be said, on the Sardinian cuisine. It is based on very simple ingredients derived from the tradition of pastoral and farming and seafaring tradition along the coasts. It is very diverse and varies from region to region, not only in the name of the food but also in the ingredients.
As appetizers are very popular wild boar ham, sausages and hams Irgoli Aritzo accompanied by olives and mushrooms, while the dishes based on fish you can choose from several seafood appetizers.
First dishes are the “malloreddus” (semolina dumplings topped with tomato sauce and sausages), the “culurjonis” (dumplings stuffed with ricotta and mint or with a filling of potato, cheese and mint), whose ingredients vary from region to region, the bread “frattau” (carasau soaked in broth with tomato sauce and poached egg), the “Suppa cuata” or “Suppa gadduresa” (bread, cheese – “casju spiattatu”, spices, cheese , all softened with broth cow and cooked in the oven), “knows fregula” (soup of beef broth with semolina pasta processed into small lumps as couscous).
For main dishes, roasts are a particular feature of the island cuisine while that of the pig (“on porcheddu arrustu”) is considered an emblem. And the list could go on for pages.
Sardinia is from centuries of emigration: the Sardinians who live outside of Sardinia, according to the latest statistics, there are about 500,000. Although it has always been a weak migration, the large diaspora originated in the postwar years with the end of the work for the construction of large public works (dams, roads, reforestation), run jointly by the state and by individuals in order to modernize the ‘Island.
Many shepherds and farmers become workers and masons, soon found themselves out of work, while the plan for economic growth promised by various governments, was slow to materialize. This created a stream of emigration which is mainly directed towards the industrial areas of northern Italy, where they settled more than 200,000 Sardis.
They left the island in many, fleeing the crisis of the inner zones and agglomerations, finding work in all productive activities, in public office, factories, hospitals, universities.
Many, though by emigrating, not give up their traditional shepherd and with the flocks, moved to Tuscany, Lazio and Emilia Romagna, revitalizing territories now in danger of abandonment. Those who left the island to go to Europe, about 150,000, settled in Germany (60,000), many in France, Belgium (30,000), Switzerland (28,000), less numerous in England (about a thousand).
In earlier times, towards the end of ‘the nineteenth century, an important migratory flow went in the Americas and Australia. Even today in Argentina alone, there are over a hundred thousand people of Sardinian origin. Just in that distant country was established that Giovanni Piras from Mamoiada that various contested historical research and identify with the Argentine president Juan Peron.
And in Australia, the Sardinian community has always been very active: the various clubs and associations currently operating are served and still serve as a valuable point of reference and historical past. It is a classic example of the Sardinian Association of NSW. In addition to classic typical activities of a club, the Association has been very active in maintaining and developing cultural contacts with the Region of Sardinia to just engage the community Sardinia, the Italian and the largest Australian community in moments of encounter and culture.
Therefore, for those who decide to get around Sardinia without having to make intercontinental travel, you can count on the Sardinian Culture Club of Sydney and all other Australian clubs all over the country. But for those who want to discover at first hand this wonderful island, do not worry, Sardinia has always been to use air transport to counter the effects of insularity, that led her to develop a good network of services and facilities well distributed the territory.
Especially in recent years, the airport traffic has recorded strong increases in the number of flights and passengers, confirming that Sardinia is a market among the most active and interesting Italian and European market. Sardinia opens its doors to the world!